A Study of the Relationship between Bird Hunting and Rituals in the Pre-Qin Period
Date and Time: March 24, 2014 (Monday); 5:30pm-6:45pm
Venue: Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU
Language : Putonghua
弋射,先秦文獻亦稱之為繳射,是指運用繫有繳線的矢射捕飛 鳥。弋射本起源自原始的狩獵生產活動,但隨著後來生活水平 的提昇,弋射的性質亦出現變化,漸漸演變為上層社會熱愛 的娛樂運動之一。而且,弋射與先秦禮儀中的用雁關係甚為 密切,常見的儀節如饋食禮、聘禮及昏禮等均對贄鳥有大量 需求,古人需借助弋射捕捉大量禽鳥。此外,先秦弋射多採 用生擒野鳥的方法,古人在射獲豐盛之時,除了會將野鳥屠宰 作獻膳外,亦會將餘下的活鳥予以畜養,留待他日不時之需。 本演講將結合傳世古書及東周畫像紋銅器等記述,探討弋射與先秦禮儀間的關係。
Yishe弋射, also named as zhuoshe 繳射 in pre-Qin
texts, refers to the shooting of wild birds with arrows tied with zhuo strings. Formerly, yishe was a primitive hunting activity. However, with the advancement of general living standards, it then gradually transformed into a sport activity of the ruling class and aristocracy.
The offering of wild geese as presents (zhi 贄) in ancient rituals was also closely related to yishe. In order to meet the demand for birds in traditional ceremonies, a considerable amount of live birds were captured. Some of the birds were slaughtered immediately for sacrificial purposes, but in some cases, the remaining ones were kept and reared for the sake of future use. Through a study of received texts and Eastern Zhou pictorial bronze vessels, this talk will discuss the relationship between bird hunting and pre-Qin rituals.